Solar panel array at sunset with mountains in background

How Solar Works

Purple leaves with sun shining through and blue sky in background

Solar science illuminated

Solar energy is a renewable or ‘green’ energy powered entirely by the sun. But how do solar PV panels turn sunlight into electricity?

Graphic showing sunlight hitting solar panels on the roof of a home

nb88新博娱乐官方网址 1. Solar PV panels capture sunlight, causing electrons in the panel’s silicon cells to release energy that becomes direct current (DC) electricity.

Graphic showing sunlight hitting solar panels on the roof of a home and inverter converting to AC power

2. An inverter converts the DC into alternating current (AC) electricity, making it useable for homes and businesses.

Graphic showing sunlight hitting solar panels on the roof of a home and battery storing energy for use in home and sending to power line

nb88新博娱乐官方网址 3. Excess electricity can be stored in a battery or fed back into the power grid.                                                                          

Graphic showing sunlight hitting solar panels on the roof of a home and power line providing additional power to home

4. Additional electricity can be pulled from the grid if you need more power than your solar panels can generate.

Two solar panels against white background

Types of solar panels

nb88新博娱乐官方网址 Since each solar installation must address numerous space and shading limitations, no one-size-fits-all solar solution exists. Trina solar provides a range of different solar panels and solutions to cater to the various needs of residential, commercial and large-scale utility projects.

There are two main types of PV solar panels used in solar systems: monocrystalline and multicrystalline.

Monocrystalline solar panel

Monocrystalline

Monocrystalline solar panels have a higher efficiency rate in generating electricity from light and are a more space-efficient solution. Durable, long living and aesthetically pleasing, these cells are the ideal solution for residential and small commercial rooftop installations.

Multicrystalline solar panel

Multicrystalline

nb88新博娱乐官方网址 Multicrystalline solar panels are simpler to produce and offer the most cost-efficient and versatile option. This type of panel is available in a range of sizes and colors, suitable for both residential and larger-scale installations as well as on and off-grid application.  

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